Knee arthritis is an inflammation of the knee joint. There are many types of arthritis; The most common type is osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis.
The ends of the shin bone and the thigh bone in the knee joint are covered by an articular cartilage. This type of cartilage allows the ends of the bones to move against each other gently. If you have osteoarthritis, the articular cartilage gradually erodes and becomes thinner. Click here for knee arthritis surgery singapore.
The knee may be stiff and sore, and also swollen. The pain may be more intense after exercising.
You may not be able to move your knee as much or as easily as you normally would. The knee can creak or scrape when moving. This is called crepitus. Visit this site for knee arthritis surgery singapore.
The precise reasons why osteoarthritis develops are not fully understood. We know that the risk of developing osteoarthritis increases with age. It is also believed to be hereditary.
Exercise does not usually cause osteoarthritis, unless you do an excessive amount of exercise. However, injuries to the knee joint can lead to osteoarthritis later in life. A common cause of knee osteoarthritis is a tear in the meniscal cartilage (the tissue that acts as a buffer in the knee joint) or a tear in the knee ligaments after a sprain injury.
Painkillers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, will help reduce pain and swelling. You can also rub anti-inflammatory creams on the knee to reduce pain and stiffness.
Sometimes, a steroid injection in the knee joint or in a sore spot in the knee can help.
Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements can relieve mild to moderate symptoms of osteoarthritis, although there is only limited evidence of their effectiveness. These chemicals are found naturally in cartilage and it is believed that taking supplements can improve the condition of damaged cartilage. Glucosamine comes from seafood, so do not take it if you are allergic to shellfish.
Your doctor may refer you to the physical therapist, who will teach you some exercises you can do to help reduce pain.